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  • Open Access


    Contrastive Clustering for Unsupervised Recognition of Interference Signals

    Xiangwei Chen1, Zhijin Zhao1,2,*, Xueyi Ye1, Shilian Zheng2, Caiyi Lou2, Xiaoniu Yang2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1385-1400, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034543

    Abstract Interference signals recognition plays an important role in anti-jamming communication. With the development of deep learning, many supervised interference signals recognition algorithms based on deep learning have emerged recently and show better performance than traditional recognition algorithms. However, there is no unsupervised interference signals recognition algorithm at present. In this paper, an unsupervised interference signals recognition method called double phases and double dimensions contrastive clustering (DDCC) is proposed. Specifically, in the first phase, four data augmentation strategies for interference signals are used in data-augmentation-based (DA-based) contrastive learning. In the second phase, the original dataset’s k-nearest neighbor set (KNNset) is designed… More >

  • Open Access


    A Double-Ended Protection Principle for an LCC-VSC-MTDC System with Strong Anti-Interference Ability

    Chuanjian Wu, Dahai Zhang*, Jinghan He

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.2, pp. 299-316, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.023532

    Abstract The DC grid technology of multi-power supply and multi-drop-point power reception is an effective solution for large-scale renewable energy integration into the power grid. Line-commutated converter-Voltage source converter (LCC-VSC) power grids are one of the more important developmental directions of the future power grid that have occured in recent years. But the multi-terminal high voltage direct current system has the problems of inconsistent boundary characteristics, inconsistent control, and fault response characteristics, which puts higher requirements on the protection scheme. Thus, a completely new protection principle is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the fault characteristics of distributed capacitance current are analyzed.… More >

  • Open Access


    Developing a Cost-Effective Composite Based on Electroless Nickel-Coated Cellulose Fibres for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding

    P. Sittisart1,*, M.M. Hyland1, M.A. Hodgson1, C. Nguyen2, A. Fernyhough3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 264-269, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634123

    Abstract A series of composites based on polypropylene with different loadings of nickel-coated cellulose fi bres (NCCF) were fabricated with the aim to create a composite suitable for EMI shielding and/or electrostatic discharge application. Various properties such as EMI shielding effectiveness, surface resistivity, volume resistivity and fl exural strength were characterised according to ASTM standard. Both surface and volume resistivity suggested that the electrical conductivity of NCCF was not high enough and the composite remains electrically non-conducting up to 40 wt% loading of NCCF. However, nickel particles were still able to shield electromagnetic radiation regardless of their connectivity and conductivity. This… More >

  • Open Access


    Long Noncoding RNA LAMTOR5-AS1 Interference Affects MicroRNA-506-3p/ E2F6-Mediated Behavior of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells

    Guojie Chen*1, Kai Wang*1, Guoshu Li†1, Leidong Wang, Yangyang Xiao§, Bo Chen

    Oncology Research, Vol.28, No.9, pp. 945-959, 2020, DOI:10.3727/096504021X16328213967104

    Abstract Long noncoding RNA LAMTOR5 antisense RNA 1 (LAMTOR5-AS1) has been certified as a risk predictor and diagnostic biomarker of prostate cancer. However, the expression and exact roles of LAMTOR5-AS1 in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain unclear. Thus, we measured LAMTOR5-AS1 expression in NSCLC and gauged its clinical value. The detailed roles and downstream working mechanism of LAMTOR5-AS1 in NSCLC were comprehensively unraveled. qRT-PCR was applied to measure gene expression. Functionally, utilizing small interfering RNA, LAMTOR5-AS1 was ablated, and the functional alterations were addressed by means of different experiments. The targeting activities between LAMTOR5-AS1 and microRNA-506-3p (miR-506-3p) and between miR-506-3p… More >

  • Open Access


    Cross-Tier Interference Mitigation in 3D HetNets for LTE and Wi-Fi Access

    M. Rekha1,*, M. Bhuvaneswari2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 1211-1227, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.027368

    Abstract Due to the unprecedented rate of transformation in the field of wireless communication industry, there is a need to prioritise the coverage, network power and throughput as preconditions. In Heterogeneous Networks (HetNets) the low power node inclusion like Femto and Pico cells creates a network of Multi-Tier (M-Tier) which is regarded as the most significant strategy for enhancing the coverage, throughput, 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) ability. This work mainly focuses on M-Tier 3D Heterogeneous Networks Energy Efficiency (EE) based Carrier Aggregation (CA) scheme for streaming real-time huge data like images. At first, M-Tier 3D HetNets scheme was made for… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Based Power Transformer Monitoring Using Partial Discharge Patterns

    D. Karthik Prabhu1,*, R. V. Maheswari2, B. Vigneshwaran2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 1441-1454, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.024128

    Abstract Measurement and recognition of Partial Discharge (PD) in power apparatus is considered a protuberant tool for condition monitoring and assessing the state of a dielectric system. During operating conditions, PD may occur either in the form of single and multiple patterns in nature. Currently, for PD pattern recognition, deep learning approaches are used. To evaluate spatial order less features from the large-scale patterns, a pre-trained network is used. The major drawback of traditional approaches is that they generate high dimensional data or requires additional steps like dictionary learning and dimensionality reduction. However, in real-time applications, interference incorporated in the measured… More >

  • Open Access


    Study of Denoising in the Electricity Anti-Stealing Detection Based on VMD-WTD Combination

    Huakun Que1, Guolong Lin2, Wenchong Guo1, Xiaofeng Feng1, Zetao Jiang1, Yunfei Cao2,*, Jinmin Fan2, Zhixian Ni3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.4, pp. 1453-1466, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.018448

    Abstract In order to solve the failure of electricity anti-stealing detection device triggered by the noise mixed in high-frequency electricity stealing signals, a denoising method based on variational mode decomposition (VMD) and wavelet threshold denoising (WTD) was applied to extract the effective high-frequency electricity stealing signals. First, the signal polluted by noise was pre-decomposed using the VMD algorithm, the instantaneous frequency means of each pre-decomposed components was analyzed, so as to determine the optimal K value. The optimal K value was used to decompose the polluted signal into K intrinsic mode components, and the sensitive mode components were determined through the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Study of Denoising in the Electricity Anti-Stealing Detection Based on VMD-WTD Combination

  • Open Access


    Analyzing and Enabling the Harmonious Coexistence of Heterogeneous Industrial Wireless Networks

    Bilal Khan1, Danish Shehzad1, Numan Shafi1, Ga-Young Kim2,*, Muhammad Umar Aftab1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 1671-1690, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024918

    Abstract Nowadays multiple wireless communication systems operate in industrial environments side by side. In such an environment performance of one wireless network can be degraded by the collocated hostile wireless network having higher transmission power or higher carrier sensing threshold. Unlike the previous research works which considered IEEE 802.15.4 for the Industrial Wireless communication systems (iWCS) this paper examines the coexistence of IEEE 802.11 based iWCS used for delay-stringent communication in process automation and gWLAN (general-purpose WLAN) used for non-real time communication. In this paper, we present a Markov chain-based performance model that described the transmission failure of iWCS due to… More >

  • Open Access


    Subcarrier BD with Cooperative Communication for MIMO-NOMA System

    Jung-In Baik, Ji-Hwan Kim, Beom-Sik Shin, Ji-Hye Oh, Hyoung-Kyu Song*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 5807-5821, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028434

    Abstract With the rapid evolution of Internet of things (IoT), many edge devices require simultaneous connection in 5G communication era. To afford massive data of IoT devices, multiple input multiple output non-orthogonal multiple access (MIMO-NOMA) method has been considered as a promising technology. However, there are numerous drawbacks due to error propagation and inter-user interferences. Therefore, proposed scheme aims to improve the reliability of the MIMO-NOMA system with digital beamforming and intra-cluster cooperative multi point (CoMP) to efficiently support IoT system. In the conventional MIMO-NOMA system, user entities are grouped into clusters. Block diagonalization (BD) is applied to efficiently eliminate the… More >

  • Open Access


    QoS Constrained Network Coding Technique to Data Transmission Using IoT

    A. Sathishkumar1,*, T. Rammohan2, S. Sathish Kumar3, J. Uma3, K. Srujan Raju4, Aarti Sangwan5, M. Sivachitra6, M. Prabu7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 531-544, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021694

    Abstract The research work presents, constrained network coding technique to ensure the successful data transmission based composite channel cmos technology using dielectric properties. The charge fragmentation and charge splitting are two components of the filtered switch domino (FSD) technique. Further behavior of selected switching is achieved using generator called conditional pulse generator which is employed in Multi Dynamic Node Domino (MDND) technique. Both FSD and MDND technique need wide area compared to existing single node-keeper domino technique. The aim of this research is to minimize dissipation of power and to achieve less consumption of power. The proposed research, works by introducing… More >

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