Open AccessOpen Access


Association between Temperature and Relative Humidity in Relation to COVID-19

Ansari Saleh Ahmar1,*, M. A. El Safty2, Samirah Al Zahrani2, R. Rusli3, Abdul Rahman3

1 Department of Statistics, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, 90223, Indonesia
2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Science, Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Mathematics, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, 90223, Indonesia

* Corresponding Author: Ansari Saleh Ahmar. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2021, 30(3), 795-803.


The aim of this study is to determine the association between temperature and humidity in relation to COVID-19 above 3°C. This was carried out in the cities of Bandung and Surabaya which have temperatures of about 22°C to 31°C. Data was analyzed using descriptive analysis and the Pearson and Spearman correlation for normally and abnormally distributed data. The results showed that there was no association between people under monitoring (ODP)/close contact, patients under surveillance (PDP)/suspect, and COVID-19 confirmed cases in relation to the temperature and humidity in Bandung and Surabaya. Furthermore, there was no relationship between temperature and humidity with ODP, PDP, and COVID-19 Confirmed cases in both cities, because they had a comfortably wet category (RH > 70%). This results are expected to provide information to the government that weather cases in Indonesia (temperatures around 26°C–30°C with humidity > 60%) do not affect the spread of COVID-19. In addition, it is expected that further studies would be carried out on other factors that influence the spread of COVID-19 in Indonesia, for example, how the level of alternating flow in and/or out of the population into an area.


Cite This Article

A. Saleh Ahmar, M. A. El Safty, S. Al Zahrani, R. Rusli and A. Rahman, "Association between temperature and relative humidity in relation to covid-19," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 30, no.3, pp. 795–803, 2021.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 955


  • 649


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan