Open AccessOpen Access


Isolation Enhancement in a Compact Four-Element MIMO Antenna for Ultra-Wideband Applications

Awais Khan1,2,*, Shahid Bashir1, Salman Ghafoor3, Hatem Rmili4,5, Jawad Mirza6, Ammar Ahmad1

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
2 Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Bannu, 28100, Pakistan
3 School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (SEECS), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
4 Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 K. A. CARE Energy Research and Innovation Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
6 SEECS Photonic Research Group, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Awais Khan. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(1), 911-925.


Mutual coupling reduction or isolation enhancement in antenna arrays is an important area of research as it severely affects the performance of an antenna. In this paper, a new type of compact and highly isolated Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications is presented. The design consists of four radiators that are orthogonally positioned and confined to a compact 40 × 40 × 0.8 mm3 space. The final antenna design uses an inverted L shape partial ground to produce an acceptable reflection coefficient (S11 < −10 dB) in an entire UWB band (3.1–10.6) giga hertz (GHz). Moreover, the inter-element isolation has also been enhanced to >20 db for majority of the UWB band. The antenna was fabricated and tested with the vector network analyzer (VNA) and in an anechoic chamber for scattering parameters and radiation patterns. Furthermore, different MIMO diversity performance metrics are also measured to validate the proposed model. The simulation results and the experimental results from the constructed model agree quite well. The proposed antenna is compared with similar designs in recently published literature for various performance metrics. Because of its low envelope correlation coefficient (ECC < 0.1), high diversity gain (DG > 9.99 dB), peak gain of 4.6 dB, reduced channel capacity loss (CCL < 0.4 b/s/Hz), and average radiation efficiency of over 85%, the proposed MIMO antenna is ideally suited for practical UWB applications.


Cite This Article

A. Khan, S. Bashir, S. Ghafoor, H. Rmili, J. Mirza et al., "Isolation enhancement in a compact four-element mimo antenna for ultra-wideband applications," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.1, pp. 911–925, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 295


  • 157


  • 0


Share Link